The shoulder joint has a large surface and a varied range of movement, making the shoulder joint susceptible to injury. The types of injury can vary from mild sprains to serious fractures. Regardless of injury type, shoulder injuries require immediate attention. There is currently a wide range of treatments available, depending on severity of injury; e.g. hot/cold therapy, rest, painkillers, surgery and post surgery rehab. Post- surgery rehab is vital, as it ensures the individual’s shoulder goes back to its pre-injury state. Here, focus is on strengthening the shoulder and ensuring full range of motion and flexibility.
Repetitive and intensive training by athletes makes them particularly susceptible to shoulder injuries; the most common are: dislocations, acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries, rotator cuff injuries, labral tears, thrower's shoulder, biceps injuries, bursitis and fractures.