Back pain is either causality or structural. Causality injuries are incurred where a physical act has taken place that causes the back pain. Such acts include strained muscles, improper heavy lifting, or even something as simple as a sudden movement. Back pain can also be due to structural problems, such as ruptured or bulging disks, arthritis, sciatica, osteoporosis, scoliosis and stress-induced back pain.
Back pain takes place in either the lower and /or upper back. The severity of lower back pain suffered is classified as acute, mild or moderate. Athletes frequently incur lower back injuries; the following are some of the most common injuries obtained by athletes: ankylosing spondylitis, herniated disc, lordosis and spondylolysis
Upper back pain is usually caused by injury to the upper back, neck or bad posture. The pain suffered is recognised as acute or chronic. Common upper back injuries include costovertebral joint sprain, Kyphosis, pulled neck muscles (neck strain) and Whiplash.
Due to the complex structure of the spine, external support is required, so back braces are usually prescribed when back injuries are incurred. Back braces are key where back injuries are ascertained as it provides mobility and postural support, symptom control and injury protection.